Institution:School of Medicine and Dentistry at the University of Rochester Medical Center
David H. Smith, M.D. (deceased), Porter W. Anderson, Ph.D., University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Before the Hib vaccine was available, Hib disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis among children under 5 years old in the U.S. Hib disease can also cause pneumonia; severe swelling in the throat; infections of the blood, joints, bones, and covering of the heart; and death. Since the vaccine was introduced, bacterial meningitis has been reduced by about 98 percent.
The Hib vaccine was approved for use in the U.S. in 1990.