Institution:Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Dr. Arye Rubinstein, MD, professor of pediatrics and professor and chief of allergy & immunology, department of microbiology & immunology, at Albert Einstein College of Medicine
As a result of research by Dr. Rubinstein and his colleagues, drugs administered to pregnant HIV-infected mothers, and to their newborns in the first six weeks after birth, can reduce the incidence of AIDS in newborns to below 2 percent.
In 1983, the National Institutes for Health awarded Dr. Rubinstein a grant to study the incidence of AIDs in women and children. In 1986, he established that transmission of AIDS can occur in utero, and he published his finding in the journal Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology.