Institution:Columbia University College Of Physicians and Surgeons
Charles Drew, MD, Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons
In 1940, while a surgical resident at Presbyterian Hospital, Drew was chosen to lead the “Blood for Britain” project, an effort to extend the shelf life of blood for troops injured on the battlefield. His medical degree thesis focused on separating and transfusing plasma, the liquid portion of blood that contains antibodies and proteins to stabilize blood pressure and regulate clotting. Drew’s research paved the way for modern blood banking, which transformed the practice of emergency medicine and transfusions.