Medical Education and Physicians in the Workforce in New York State

The tripartite mission of the medical schools is to provide outstanding medical education, high quality patient care, and research to further the advances made in medicine. The New York State medical schools train approximately 11% of the nation’s medical students and 15% of its residents. Students have the opportunity to learn from some of the world’s most renowned clinical and research faculty. The depth of teaching excellence attracts the highest quality students, nearly half of whom ultimately remain in the State to practice medicine.

In addition, New York State institutions are known for curricula innovations and reform, such as the Double Helix model at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, which combines medical education and advancements in educational informatics. The diversity of students, as well as the curriculum to which they are exposed, is a benefit to the well-being of the local communities in which they learn and eventually practice.

There are 16 public and private medical schools, including: 1 State University of New York (SUNY) schools, 1 City University of New York (CUNY) school, and 2 osteopathic medical schools.

Between 2002 and 2011, medical school enrollment increased by 14% (from 8,536 students in 2002 to 9,751 students in 2011). 81.85% of students enrolled in New York State’s public medical schools are from the state of New York.


In 2011, direct employment at the medical schools was:

  • Upstate: 35,435
  • Downstate: 108,225


In 2011, medical schools received:

  • Upstate: $416,545,002
  • Downstate: $1,776,699,954

Funding for research generates an enormous return on investment. According to a 2010 AMSNY study, for every dollar in Federal and State funding invested in the medical schools, the State receives a return of $7.50.


Nationally, academic medical centers (medical schools and their affiliated hospitals) contributed over $500 billion to the U.S. economy in 2008, approximately 3.6% of the total U.S. economy. Nearly 14% of the total economic impact of all American academic medical centers is attributable to the operations of the institutions in NYS, as measured by the Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC).

Physician Workforce

New York State’s medical schools are committed to training a diverse and culturally competent workforce that will meet the health care needs of the state. In addition to increasing class sizes and expanding medical education programming, the schools are developing and strengthening programs that blend medicine, research, global health, primary care, diversity, and public health within their curricula. Working in collaboration with local government and allied health organizations, the medical schools are dedicated to supporting their surrounding communities by providing patient care and promoting healthy living.

Through collaborative efforts, AMSNY’s members are committed to:

  • Increasing the number of underrepresented minority, or educationally/economically underserved, individuals who are academically prepared for, and admitted to, New York’s medical schools and whom eventually practice in the State;
  • Ensuring that the population of New York has access to high quality, culturally-sensitive, cost-effective health care;
  • Increasing the number of primary care physicians, while ensuring an adequate distribution across the State;
  • Offering New York’s citizens the opportunity to benefit from newly developed medicines, procedures, and technologies through public outreach programs, and improved coordination of information and resources;
  • Advancing inter-professional and inter-disciplinary education;
  • Promoting team-based care and training.